Mod II Vocab.4th Ed. (Click to download)

 

CDAMP Module II Anatomy & Physiology VOCABULARY WORKSHEET

Directions: Using Delmar’s “Dental Assisting, a Comprehensive Approach”, 4th Edition, by Phinney & Halstead, 2013, Chapters 6, 7, 8, and 9, define the following terms:

SECTION 1 – GENERAL ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Ch. 6

Anatomy: 

Physiology:

Body System:

List the 10 body systems and the function of each:

 

 

 

 

Anterior:

Ventral: 

Posterior:

Dorsal:

Medial: 

Mesial:

Lateral:

Distal:

Proximal:

Inferior:

Superior:

Body planes:

Body Cavities:

Parts of the dorsal cavity:

Parts of the ventral cavity: 

Describe the basic structure and function of a cell:

Tissues:

Organs:

Systems:

Homeostasis: 

Functions of Skeletal System: 

Divisions:

Osseous tissue:

Cancellous:

Trabeculae: 

Compact bone:

Osteoclast:

Osteoblast:

Periosteum:

Red bone marrow:

Yellow bone marrow:

Cartilage:

Joints/articulations:

Fibrous:

Cartilaginous:

Synovial:

Osteomyelitis: 

Osteoporosis:

Cleft palate:

TMJ disorder:

Functions of the Muscular System: 

Striated muscles: 

Cardiac muscles:

Smooth muscles:

Muscle characteristics:

Muscle tone: 

Tendons:

Ligaments:

Origin:

Insertion point:

Antagonistic pairs: 

Lactic acid:

Spasm:

Atrophy:

Fibromyalgia:

Muscular dystrophy:

Myasthenia gravis:

Functions of the Nervous System:

CNS:

PNS:

ANS:

Neuron:

Dendrites:

Axons:

Synapse:

Purpose of the spinal cord: 

Cranial nerves:

Neuritis:

Multiple sclerosis: 

Parkinson’s disease:

Bell’s Palsy:

Function of the Endocrine System:

Hormones:

Diabetes mellitus:

Hypothyroidism:

Hyperthyroidism:

Functions of the Circulatory System:

Pulmonary circulation:

Systemic circulation:

Heart:

Pericardium:

Myocardium:

Endocardium:

Heart chambers:

Valves:

Tricuspid:

Pulmonary:

Mitral:

Aortic:

Arteries:

Veins:

Capillaries:

Functions of blood:

Plasma:

Corpuscles:

Blood groups:

Rh factor:

Bacterial endocarditis: 

Hemophilia:

Leukemia:

Functions of the Digestive System:

Alimentary canal:

Parts:

Deglutition:

Peristalsis:

Functions of the accessory organs:

Bulimia:

Hepatitis:

Functions of the Respiratory System:

Parts:

Asthma:

Tuberculosis:

Lung cancer:

Functions of the Lymphatic System:

Parts:

Tonsils:

Palatine:

Lingual:

Pharyngeal:

Functions of the Immune System:

Tonsillitis:

Hodgkin’s disease:

Allergy:

Immune Deficiency Disease: 

SECTION 2:  HEAD AND NECK ANATOMY CHAPTER 7

Anatomical landmarks:

Ala of the nose:

Philtrum:

Vermillion border:

Labial commissures:

Vestibule:

Mucosa:

Labial:

Buccal:

Fordyce’s spots:

Parotid papilla:

Linea alba:

Alveolar mucosa:

Gingiva:

Frena/Frenum:

Palate:

Raphe:

Rugae:

Torus palatinus:

Uvula:

Tongue:

Papilla:

circumvallate papilla:

filiform papilla:

fungiform papilla:

Median sulcus:

Lingual frenum:

Lingual veins:

Torus mandibularis:

Taste buds:

Parts of the floor of the mouth:

Salivary glands:

parotid gland:

associated duct:

submandibular gland:

associated duct:

sublingual gland:

associated ducts:

Saliva:

Mastication:

Xerostomia:

Cranium:

Bones of the cranium:

Bones of the face:

Parts of the maxilla:

Parts of the mandible:

Temporomandibular joint:

Parts:

Muscles of mastication:

Muscles of facial expression:

Muscles of the tongue:

Muscles of the floor of the mouth:

Muscles of the neck:

Trigeminal nerve: 

Maxillary nerve:

Branches:

Maxillary nerves that innervate the teeth: 

Mandibular nerve:

Branches:

Mandibular nerves that innervate the teeth:

Arteries of the face and oral cavity:

Veins of the face and oral cavity:

SECTION 3 – EMBRYOLOGY & HISTOLOGY CHAPTER 8

Embryology:

Zygote:

Proliferation:

Cytodifferentiation:

Histodifferentiation:

Morphodifferentiation:

Ectoderm:

Mesoderm:

Endoderm:

Stomedeum:

Nasolacrimal groove:

Primary palate:

Secondary palate:

Developmental disturbances:

Cleft lip:

Unilateral:

Bilateral:

Cleft palate:

Cleft uvula:

Histology:

Odontogenesis:

Bud stage:

Initiation:

Dental lamina:

Cap Stage:

Proliferation:

Mesenchyme:

Dental sac:

Bell Stage:

Ameloblasts:

Odontoblasts:

Cementoblasts:

Maturation Stage:

Apposition:

Calcification:

Eruption:

Attrition:

Evanesce:

Enamel:

Dentin:

Cementum:

Pulp:

Canal:

Chamber:

Pulpal horns:

Tome’s process:

Make up of enamel rods:

Nasmyth’s membrane:

Enamel dysplasia:

Make up of dentinal tubules:

7 types of dentin & purpose of each:

Effect of tetracycline on formation of dentin:

Dentinal hypersensitivity:

Purpose of the pulp:

Pulpitis:

Pulp stones: 

Periodontium:

Purpose of cementum:

Sharpey’s fibers:

Hypercementosis:

Osteoblasts:

Osteoclasts:

Alveolar process:

Alveolus:

Cortical bone:

Lamina dura:

Alveolar crest:

Periodontal ligament:

Periodontal fiber groups:

Alveolar crest fiber groups:

Horizontal fiber groups:

Oblique fiber groups:

Apical fiber groups:

Interradicular fiber groups:

Interdental / transseptal ligament groups:

Gingival fiber groups:

Dentogingival fiber groups:

Circular ligament fiber groups:

Alveologingival fiber groups:

Dentoperiosteal fiber groups:

Gingiva:

Alveolar mucosa:

Mucogingival junction:

Attached gingiva: 

Gingival groove:

Marginal gingiva:

Interdental gingiva:

Gingival sulcus:

Epithelial attachment:

Gingival hyperplasia:

SECTION 4 – TOOTH MORPHOLOGY chapter 9

Tooth morphology:

Dentition:

Maxillary arch:

Mandibular arch:

Adjacent teeth: 

Midline:

Quadrants: 

Primary/deciduous teeth:

Eruption schedule:

Permanent teeth:

Eruption schedule:

Anterior teeth:

Posterior teeth:

Incisors:

Cuspids / canines:

Bicuspids / premolars:

Molars:

Mixed dentition:

Exfoliation:

Succedaneous teeth:

Crown:

Anatomical:

Clinical:

Root:

Anatomical:

Clinical:

Apex:

Apical foramen:

Bifurcation/trifurcation:

Cervical line/CEJ (cementoenamel junction):

Surfaces of the teeth:

Mesial:

Distal:

Labial:

Buccal:

Facial:

Lingual:

Incisal:

Occlusal:

Contact area:

Embrasure:

Convex:

Concave:

Buccal groove:

Cingulum:

Cusp:

Cusp of Carabelli:

Developmental groove:

Fissure:

Fossa:

Lobes:

Mamelons:

Marginal ridges:

Oblique ridge:

Pit:

Ridge:

Supplemental groove:

Transverse ridge:

Triangular ridge:

Anomalies:

Peg lateral:

Angenesis:

Directions – List the distinguishing features of the following “permanent” teeth:

Maxillary central incisor: 

Maxillary lateral incisor:

Maxillary canine/cuspid:

Maxillary first bicuspid/premolar:

Maxillary second bicuspid/premolar:

Maxillary first molar (6 year):

Maxillary second molar (12 year):

Maxillary third molar (wisdom tooth):

Mandibular central incisor:

Mandibular lateral incisor:

Mandibular canine/cuspid:

Mandibular first bicuspid/premolar:

Mandibular second bicuspid/premolar:

Mandibular first molar (6 year):

Mandibular second molar (12 year):

Mandibular third molar (wisdom tooth): 

Directions – List the distinguishing features of the following “deciduous” teeth:

Maxillary central incisor:

Maxillary lateral incisor:

Maxillary cuspid/canine:

Maxillary first molar:

Maxillary second molar:

Mandibular central incisor:

Mandibular lateral incisor:

Mandibular cuspid/canine:

Mandibular first molar:

Mandibular second molar: